Markmanship shooting and combat shooting require different, but related skill sets.

Studies of armed encounters conducted by the FBI and others show that the officer who
consistently fires an 80 percent score on department qualifications, often becomes a 20
percent shooter when confronted by an armed criminal. Officers whose only firearms training is
the annual qualification, are not prepared for the unique aspects of the combat environment.

Combat is a 360 degree environment. It is fluid and dynamic and changes from second to
second, requiring skills in hand-eye coordination, instinctive shooting, shoulder point shooting,
and the ability to move and shoot from behind cover. These are not skills acquired during
marksmanship training. In fact the basic marksmanship skills of sight control and trigger control
may not be available to the combat shooter due to time, proximity and light constraints of the
armed encounter. All shooting skills erode from practice session to practice session, and
require constant upgrading to establish the muscle memory for them to be second nature in
high stress situations. When confronted with situations where we do not have time to think, we
will revert to our training. If all we have is marksmanship training, we will be at a disadvantage.

In addition, the physiology of the armed encounter, the onset of fight or flight, requires that the
combat shooter must also perform in an environment of increased heart rate, elevated blood
pressure and shallow breathing.

At The Farm, we try to simulate the combat environment as much as possible, elevating heart
rate and blood pressure through exercise, prior to a shooting scenario, forcing the shooter to
function under combat-type physiological conditions,

Scenarios are also designed to simulate real-world situations that the law enforcement officer
could expect find in a street encounter.

Engaging multiple targets with long gun and handgun
avoiding friendly, no-shoot targets 
Teamwork is required to rescue the firehose dummy
over the haybales, then fire accurately at 8X8 plates

 In this scenario, the officer has been taken hostage, he escapes with a knife, negotiates a booby trapped tunnel and
engages bad guys with knife and handgun at the other end


During the downed officer rescue drill, the shooters
again work together to coordinate their actions.
They devise a tactical plan, communicate with
eachother during its execution, with one officer
providing suppressing fire, while the other officer
rescues the downed officer, engaging targets with
shotgun and handgun along the way.


 At the AR15 station, the challenge is to engage 19 8X8 inch plates, at varying distances, in 25 seconds, then to engage one target at 200 meters and one at 250 meters.

 While The Farm is run as a hot range, there is an abundance of medical and safety personnel to help supervise
each run. Doc personally leads each run through the course, giving complete instructions prior to the start of a
shooting evolution